G-Man's Guide To Prague and the Czech Republic

G-Man's Guide To Prague Home Page and Basic Information G-Man's Guide To Prague Eat and Drink G-Man's Guide To Prague Sleep G-Man's Guide To Prague See & Do G-Man's Guide To Prague Shops G-Man's Guide To Prague Services G-Man's Guide To Prague Events G-Man's Guide To Prague G-Man Blog G-Man's Guide To Prague Films G-Man's Guide To Prague Music Videos About G-Man's Guide To Prague INTJ.co.uk Home Page Brexit Information For British Citizens Living In The Czech Republic

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Basic Information

General InformationBack To The Top Of The Page

Language (Czech / Český)
The Czech Republic is in the European Union and is part of the Schengen agreement/area
Time is 24-hour clock
Primary time zone is GMT (UTC) +1 (whole country) aka Central European Time (CET +0). Clocks go forward on the last Sunday in March at 02:00 CET to 03:00 Central European Summer Time (CEST). Clocks go back on the last Sunday in October from 03:00 CEST to 02:00 CET.
Weather information from Weather Underground
Country telephone dial code = 420
Capital city = Prague (Praha)
Primary airport = PRG (on the 5th October 2012 it was renamed "Václav Havel Airport Prague" in honour of the late president's birth date, it was previously known as "Ruzyně"). As of May 2017 Prague airport adheres to European legal directives and allows forced searches of hold luggage if required (info in Czech) - to avoid this possibility use luggage with TSA approved locks. Also Prague airport has an unusual departures system in that you pass through passport security first, then into departures but your hand luggage is not screened until you go to your departure gate - therefore any liquid purchases made at the airport/in departures must still be sealed when you are screened at the departure gate.

Electricity - PowerBack To The Top Of The Page

Voltage of 230v at a frequency of 50Hz.
Plug = two pin Europlug.
Socket = 2 round pins (Europlug) with ground receptacle.
NOTE: If the power supply for your device is universal or can handle the voltage of 230v at a frequency of 50Hz you just need an adaptor for the plug/socket. If your power supply is not universal or cannot handle the voltage of 230v at a frequency of 50Hz you will need a specialised power converter.

Building NumbersBack To The Top Of The Page

Every building has two numbers on it denoted by a red plaque with white text and a blue plaque with white text. The red plaque is the "Building Number" - this is a unique identification number for every building in Prague and this number is in fact in the literal order that the buildings have been built over time (look out for buildings numbered under 100 as these are some of the very earliest/oldest buildings that started the city of Prague hundreds of years ago!). The blue plaque is the "House Number" relevant to the street it is on - as is normally the case around the world.

So don't be confused when you see a street address that has two numbers in it e.g. "Václavské náměstí 1700/68". The first number (1700) is the Building Number and the second number (68) is the House Number. If the address only has one number it will usually be the House Number. To get to where you need to go you only need the House Number.

Czech Money And Using Credit CardsBack To The Top Of The Page

The Czech currency is Czech Crowns (Česká koruna - denoted as Kč) available in both banknotes and coins. It is best to use local currency or a credit card where accepted. Either change your money before you go or use a local cash machine to withdraw money (the fee for one withdrawal is usually about £5/1% so always try to make one large withdrawal - always be aware of your surroundings and make sure the money is secure when you travel on the public transport).

NOTE: Some shops (especially supermarkets) don't like being given large notes so always try and carry small notes (≤200Kč) when shopping for essentials. Use large notes (≥500Kč) at restaurants where they are accepted without problem and change given. Many metro stations and tourist areas have public toilets but there is usually a small cost to use the facilities. Therefore keeping and travelling with some small change (2, 5, 10 and 20 crown coins) is wise.

Credit/debit cards are accepted in Prague (usually as Chip & Pin transactions or, as of 2016 onwards, contactless) but not everywhere accepts cards, especially some restaurants, so always check beforehand if that is how you want to pay. If you lose a credit card contact:

VISA = +420 224 125 353
American Express = +420 222 800 111
MasterCard/Eurocard = +420 261 354 650
Diners Club = +420 267 314 285
Barclaycard = +44 1904 544 373

Czech Currency CZKBack To The Top Of The Page

Czech PostBack To The Top Of The Page

Prague post box If you wish to post postcards/letters from the Czech Republic you will need stamps. You can obtain these from "Tabak"s (small newsagent type shops) or Post Offices. Once your post is stamped you can post the items in the Česká pošta post box. These are usually orange in colour and found on various street walls – see picture. The current rates can be found here under International Ordinary Mail > Pricing > > up to 50g inclusive > priority and either European countries or Non-European countries depending on the destination.

Travel - To And From Prague AirportBack To The Top Of The Page

Like many other international airports, if you arrive at Prague airport (Letiště Praha) you still need to get to the city (centre) or if you need to leave you need to get to the airport. There are three primary ways to travel between Prague and the airport:
NOTE: Terminal 1 is used for non-Shengen countries (including the United Kingdom) whereas Terminal 2 is used for countries within the Schengen agreement/area.
  1. Public Transport - If you don't have much luggage you can take the bus<>metro to/from Prague. You will need a public transport ticket (see the Public Transport section below):
    • As of 6th March 2024 the new trolley bus #59 service operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Nádraží Veleslavín bus station which has a connecting metro station (line A - green) and a tram stop. The bus service runs between ~05:00 and ~00:00, seven days a week. Journey time is approximately 17 minutes. Metro line A (green) runs from Nádraží Veleslavín station through the city centre and out to the east side of Prague. City centre stops include Mustek (with change available to Metro line B [Yellow]) or Muzeum (with change available to Metro line C [Red]). Ticket machines that accept contactless payments to buy tickets are available on this service.
    • Bus #119 operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Nádraží Veleslavín metro station (line A - green). It runs every 20-40 minutes between 04:00 and 24:00 hours. Journey time is approximately 30 minutes. Metro line A (green) runs from Nádraží Veleslavín station through the city centre and out to the east side of Prague. City centre stops include Mustek (with change available to Metro line B [Yellow]) or Muzeum (with change available to Metro line C [Red]). (For years the 119 service went to/from Dejvicka but this changed on the 7th April 2015). As of 25th April 2016 the 119 bus should have ticket machines that accept contactless payments to buy tickets.
    • Bus #AE (Airport Express) operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Prague;s Main Railway station (Praha Hlavni Nadrazi) - there is an additional cost for using this service but it is faster than all the other options due to limited stops!
    • Bus #100 operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Zlicin (Metro Station).
    • Bus #179 operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Nove Butovice (Metro Station).
    • Bus #319 operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Hostivice Nadrazi.
    • Bus #510 (night service) operates between the airport (Terminals 1/2) and Divoka Sarka.
  2. Mini Bus - If you have a lot of luggage or are in a big group and need to get to/from the airport use AAA Taxis minibus service
  3. Taxi - As of spring 2023 there is only one official taxi company allowed to operate directly outside the airport - Uber. You can still use alternative taxis to/from the airport they just have to use a different pick-up/drop-off point.
  4. Taxi - As of 1st January 2017 there is only one official taxi company allowed to operate directly outside the airport - Fix Airport Cars. You can still use alternative taxis to/from the airport they just have to use a different pick-up/drop-off point - I recommend AAA taxi (see also the Taxis section below too) as they are easy to use, easy to book and very friendly.

Travel - TaxisBack To The Top Of The Page

Prague ticket stamp machine AAA taxis (call +420 14014) are easy to use, usually speak English and are easy to spot (yellow/white and/or with a large black/red AAA Taxi logo on the side - see right). They are no longer the official taxi service to and from the airport but you can call them direct and they will pick you up from near the front of arrivals - they are usually cheaper than the official taxi service.

NOTE: There are taxi points located around the city called "Fair Taxi". These are supposed to have "good" taxi drivers but it is not always the case therefore, where possible, always use the AAA taxis. This scheme was stopped in June 2019 so please do not use taxis from "off the road" - this is never a good idea. Always use AAA taxis or one of the mobile app operators listed below that you are comfortable with using.

The following companies also operate in Prague (and possibly other areas of the Czech Republic):

Lyft does not currently operate in Prague.

Travel - Public TransportBack To The Top Of The Page

Prague ticket stamp machine Prague has a great integrated public transport system including trams, underground "metro", buses, inner-city trains, a funicular and even river ferries in the summer. Certain types of tickets allow you to travel on them all (download PDF maps here). Most standard tickets allow you to change trams and buses as you need but special services may require a separate ticket. You can get tickets from machines like the one pictured to the right (coins only) and, as of 2018, newer machines with touch screens that operate in English and take debit/credit cards. Or you can get tickets from DPP offices at main Metro stations and also in some "Tabaks" (newsagents).

If you are doing lots of travelling/sightseeing in one day buy a 24 hour pass (it's not just one day until midnight, it is valid for a full 24 hours from the time of stamping not from the time of purchase so you can buy several if you want). You can stamp it at 14:00 one afternoon and still use it at 10:00 the following morning! If you are in the city for a longer period there is also a 3 day (72 hour) ticket available. The Metro stops at around midnight whereas trams and buses are replaced with a night service just after midnight (As of 29th April 2017 night trams and buses start with a 9 e.g 91 and 901 - (download night service PDF maps here)).

Prague Contactless Ticket Machine On A Tram As of April 2019 most/all trams in Prague now have an orange contactless ticket machine on them (see right). They have touch screens and operate in several languages including English (just tap the relevant country flag icon). Tap the ticket you require. Pay via contactless debit/credit card (remember this will be in Czech crowns so your card issuer may charge you an additional fee for a foreign currency transaction). Take your ticket from the bottom once it has been printed and dispensed.
NOTE: Tickets from these contactless machines already have the date and time printed on them so they do not need to be stamped in the yellow ticket validator machines (see further notes below).

NOTE: As of 29th April 2017 public transport numbering changed:

NOTE: Prague tends to do a lot of engineering work on the trams during the summer (tourist season) so always check your routes before travel where possible if you are visiting in July/August. Rerouted trams tend have their stop information (on the tram/at the tram stops) displayed with a yellow/orange background instead of the normal white.

Prague ticket stamp machine You will need a valid ticket (info / prices) to travel on the transport system. The first time you use the ticket you will need to stamp it using the yellow stamping machine found on the tram/bus or at the Metro station entrance (see picture - usually a vertical yellow box approximately the size of a small shoebox with a "credit card sized" slot in it - put your ticket in the slot, details facing up and in the direction of the arrow on the ticket i.e. the blank end in first). Always check to make sure the ticket has been stamped okay and if not, try another stamping box. However, the ticket must only be stamped correctly and only once to be valid.

NOTE: If you are over 70 you can travel for free on the Prague transport system as long as you have your passport with you to prove your age.

NOTE: As with any major city pickpockets are common. Make sure all valuables are not in easy reach and are secured. Try to avoid the usual rush hours and be especially aware when the tram/metro/bus you are getting on is busy/crowded.

The Prague Card

As of April 2014 Prague is once again offering the Prague Card - a 2, 3 or 4 day travel card for adults, students or children which includes the following benefits:

Travel - RoadsBack To The Top Of The Page

Trams have right of way in all cases including pedestrian crossings unless there are traffic lights - always look BOTH ways before crossing roads and be especially careful if there are tram tracks in the road. Vehicles travel on the right hand side of the road which is normal for most of Europe, North and South America plus most of Asia but different to the United Kingdom, India, Australia, Southern Africa and the Caribbean. Some motorways around the country require toll permits before you travel on them.

ParkingBack To The Top Of The Page

Most of Prague city centre has Paid Parking Zones (PPZ) - these are denoted by colour:

Food and Drink - CoffeeBack To The Top Of The Page

Big chains such as Costa Coffee and Starbucks exist here. Coffee is easily available in Prague and like any other capital city cafe culture is big here so if you prefer not to sit in a Costa Coffee or Starbucks it shouldn't be too hard to find somewhere. However, Czechs generally don't do normal, standard filter coffee i.e. what is commonly known as an Americano. All the other standards like latte, cappucino and espresso are easily catered for. If you want a large, normal coffee (black or white) be prepared to hit up one of the big chains.

Food and Drink - Vegetarians/VegansBack To The Top Of The Page

The Czech Republic is a meat eating country. For a long time the quality and quantity of vegetarian food was poor but things have rapidly changed since the early 2000s. Now there are plenty of vegetarian options and a few excellent vegan options too. Most Czech restaurants have a vegetarian selection on their menu but watch out as a lot of traditional Czech places will only offer salad, pasta, fried cheese or fries/chip dishes for vegetarians. And in some cases their vegetarian options will include meals with small chunks of ham or chicken because, you know, small chunks are not proper meat! I present a few resources for vegetarians and vegans:

SmokingBack To The Top Of The Page

Strict anti-smoking laws were (finally) passed and came into force on 31st May 2017 - there is a 5000Kč fine for smoking where it is not allowed! The smoking ban includes: Electronic cigarettes are not covered by the ban, though, and there are also exemptions for water pipes.

Shopping - Record ShopsBack To The Top Of The Page

See this list of Record Shops in the Czech Republic on my other web site the World Wide Release DataBase (WWRDB)

Visiting The Czech Republic With A 3G Or 4G Device e.g. iPhone or iPadBack To The Top Of The Page

See this article on MacStrategy

Wi-Fi - Internet AccessBack To The Top Of The Page

Public Wi-Fi is available in many locations. Some places to get Wi-Fi easily include:

Hotspot providers

Hotel, restaurant, bar and cafe chains

Individual hotels, restaurants, bars, cafes and locations

Useful Mobile Apps Including iPad - iPhone - iPod touch and AndroidBack To The Top Of The Page

See this page for lists including download links.

Apple EquipmentBack To The Top Of The Page

See my Apple Stores and Apple Authorised Service Providers (AASPs) Prague guide page.

Apple Online Store Czech/Česká

Public Holidays and Non-Working DaysBack To The Top Of The Page

NOTE: Unlike some countries all but two of these non-working days (the Easter Friday/Monday) fall on the specific date - they do not move relative to weekends. Visitors should note that public transport tends to operate a Sunday service on public holiday dates.

EmbassiesBack To The Top Of The Page

A full list of embassies and consulates can be found on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic web site.

The United Kingdom embassy's details are:
Address = Thunovská 14, 118 00, Praha 1 (view location on mapy.cz)
Telephone = +420 257 402 111
Fax = +420 257 402 280
Office Hours = Monday to Thursday 09.00 - 12.00 and 14.00 - 16.30, Friday 09.00 - 12.00 only
Web site

EmergenciesBack To The Top Of The Page

112 is the general emergency line throughout the European Union (similar to 999 in the UK and 911 in the USA). It should be used for large-scale emergencies, especially for those who don't speak Czech - operators will speak English and German as well as Czech. The number can be dialled from any phone, and the call is free. The call is also traced with Caller ID - even mobile phones can be located within a 200-meter radius. The number can be used for urgent help from Police, Fire Brigade, or Emergency Medical Assistance, though these numbers can also be dialled directly:

General Emergency = 112
Fire = 150
Medical Emergency (Ambulance/First Aid) = 155
Police = 158
Municipal Police = 156 (they have limited authority and resolve smaller, local problems)
Gas (Česká plynárenská) = +420 234 312 375
Electric (Pražská energetika) = +420 267 055 555

NOTE: Some numbers may not have English-speaking operators.

24 Hour Pharmacies - LekarnaBack To The Top Of The Page

Prague 1, Palackého 5 - telephone +420 224 946 982
Prague 2, Belgická 37 - telephone +420 222 519 731
Thomayerova hospital, Prague 4, Vídeňská 800 - telephone +420 261 084 001
Prague 5, Štefánikova 6 - telephone +420 257 320 918
Hospital Motol, Prague 5, V Úvalu 84 - telephone +420 224 435 736
Bulovka Hospital, Prague 8, Budínova 2 - telephone +420 266 082 017

First Aid And HospitalsBack To The Top Of The Page

In case of a non-urgent emergency, doctors/hospitals can be contacted directly. The hospital Na Holmolce is the most expat-friendly, with a special clinic for foreigners and numerous English-speakers, but it is a bit far from the centre of town. A few examples of 24-hour doctors and hospitals:

NOTE: It's always a good idea to take any travel insurance documents, your passport and if you are from the EU your European Health Insurance Card (EHIC - Apply for a UK EHIC card here) with you when you visit one of these people/locations.

Doctors/First Aid:

+420 224 947 717 – Prague 1 & 2 (children)
+420 224 949 181 – Prague 1 & 2 (adults)
+420 284 861 979 – Prague 3 (children)
+420 284 862 149 – Prague 3 (adults)
+420 241 733 916 – Prague 4, 11, & 12 (children)
+420 241 733 917 – Prague 4, 11, & 12 (adults)
+420 257 323 221 – Prague 5 (children)
+420 257 323 219 – Prague 5 (adults)


+420 257 271 111 – Nemocnice Na Holmolce (Prague 5)
+420 222 801 111 – Nemocnice na Františku (Prague 1)
+420 222 928 111 – Workplace: Poliklinika Palackého (Prague 1)
+420 224 961 111 – Všeobecná fakultní nemocnice v Praze (Prague 2)
+420 261 081 111 – Fakutní Thomayerova nemocnice s poliklinikou (Prague 4)
+420 296 511 111 – Nemocnice Podolí gynekologie a porodnice (gynecology and childbirth services; Prague 4)
+420 224 431 111 – Fakultní nemocnice v Motole s poliklinikou (Prague 5)
+420 267 161 111 – Fakultní nemocnice Královské Vinohrady (Prague 10)

Useful Information LinksBack To The Top Of The Page

Thanks to Expats.cz for some of the information on this page.

Useful Booking LinksBack To The Top Of The Page

UK and Ireland Airline Contact InformationBack To The Top Of The Page

British Airways = FAQ and Contact information
Easyjet = Help pages
Czech Airlines (CSA) = FAQ and Contact information
BMI Baby = Customer Contact information
TUI = FAQ (First Choice)
Wizzair = Contact information
Aer Lingus = Contact information
Ryanair = FAQ overview

Prague airport web site » Departures / Arrivals.

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